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All you have hopefully received your research paper to complete for your next semester. So have you made any resolution for this year to making a draft of your research project? It is about to end. No more time is left to think about your daft. So have you thought anything about your research project? I mean what will be your research area, your probable hypothesis and all!!! If not then it’s time to think about this. It’s time to be prepared for your research paper. So let’s help you for your paper.

Before proceeding with your research paper, first, prepare your project draft that is proposal. Notice please, the word ‘proposal’ indicates about proposing something. It means you are going to propose your research plan to your readers or audiences before start working in it. For any dissertation or research paper, proposal is the primary step that clears the passageway for next door. So your proposal must be attractive and strong to draw your reader’s attention towards your research issue.

It is the outline of a chapter through which readers can understand what the chapter is dealing with and what will be its probable outcome. Some of you people often prepare a draft structure for your assigned assignment to get an approval from your professor. So is there any difference between assignment draft and proposal?? This question can be raised but let me tell you assignment is cover with your class notes while in proposal you mostly need your own interpretation and analysis. This is the prime difference between proposal writing and assignment draft. You can only just put your relevant theory or module in your assignment draft to show your analysis technique but in research proposal, forming research issue and research question is must and too much important. Without having a research question, a proposal cannot be granted for its further processing. In most of the cases, we students are being incapable to form research questions.  It is because we cannot identify with the research issue. Below assistances, therefore, we are providing students to overcome issues in proposal making.

  • Go with your title It will be academic, informative and catchy. Your title should carry your research propose and outcome. Let’s your readers think about it. It will be like ‘Impact of innovation of consumer buying behaviour’. Not like ‘Innovation has its great impact on consumer buying behaviour’. Readers will go through your research paper after reading the first title because it will create interest on them not like second one that concludes your statement in the beginning of your paper.
  • Make it as short but not in two or three words. 7-8 words in forming a title are enough. Maximum words can turn off reader’s attention from your paper.
  • Deal with your research issue. It must be reflected in your introduction. Make your readers aware of the issue or the problem you are dealt with in your paper.
  • Don’t make your introduction too much metaphorical. Keep in mind, readers want to know about your research purpose and they get interested from your title. So don’t make them weary through your wording ornaments. Inform them first about your research issue and purpose of study.
  • Form your research question. This is important part of your proposal. Your research questions will reflect all the key issues that you have developed on your title page and introduction. Your research variables must be reflected in your research question.
  • Form an appropriate hypothesis for your research. It will reflect your desire outcome in your final dissertation. Make sure, your hypothesis must be realistic.
  • Discuss your secondary data sources. From where you have found this issue and more theoretical evidence of scholars and authors. Make your literature review critical to point out your point of view in your proposal.
  • Tell about your research methods. It will contain your research designing method, data collection procedures, sample size, data analysis technique and research time plan.

Always remember, proposal writing is not about single day job but it is most serious work to prove your academic capability to your readers. So research thoroughly, before drawing any final conclusion. It will make your paper more authentic and reliable to believe on.

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Absolutely, it will be most serious work in your whole academic career when you have assigned one dissertation. It requires your full concentration, serious attitude, and in-depth research. You will be assigned time to complete your research paper but if you do not get prepared in beginning, it will trouble you with sleepless nights. So set up your time plan to cover every step of your dissertation swiftly. We will guide your planning.

First, understand what dissertation is? A Research paper, Thesis paper, and much answer will come. Let me inform you, dissertation varied according to your academic years. You can find huge difference between your graduation year dissertation and master’s year dissertation. Will you ever ask yourself why you have assigned a same project i.e. dissertation in both your masters and graduation year??? If you researched well, then you can understand that the difference is between analysis techniques of your paper; nothing more than that. Therefore, you need to develop your analysis technique in each promotion of your academic career otherwise; your dissertation will be fuzzy.

So, let’s experience you about dissertation journey. Imagine it as a crime scene. There is an issue; you have to investigate that issue by following some procedures, solve it and submit your case report with valid conclusion. Dissertation is nothing more than a crime scene. Let’s enter the scene by the following structure.

  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Methodology
  • Data analysis
  • Conclusion and recommendation

Introduction of a dissertation starts with a research issue. Many researchers made a mistake in this section. Whenever we heard the word ‘issue’ we are looking for any negative incident. But NO!!! Issue does not show negativity but some positive features also rely upon it. You personally often faced many issues in your life. But there may be some issues that bring new idea, dimensions in your life. Is not it? Based on that positive issue, you have modified your aim of life. Similarly, despite positive or negative, an issue always help the researcher to go back in the history to find a new outlook. Like in a crime scene, investigators always go backward to find crime motive. Based on that motive, the aim of making the crime can be understood. Similarly, research aim, research questions is being developed to understand your issue.

Literature review is the past history of your selective issues. Think it as a process through which investigators collect evidence to find out crime motive. Based on your literature review, you can understand the reason of your issue. It is the primary step that helps you to form your research hypothesis and questions.

Methodology is the pathway that guides you to complete your investigation. Keep in mind, dissertation is not an essay that only reflects your own idea and critical point, but it is your autobiography that tells us your entire journey of life. Hence, you will not include all your life incidents in your biography other than some selective incidents that portray your life journey. Like this, in Dissertation, methodology helps you to select your possible research materials.

Data Analysis is the climax of your dissertation. In this scene, you will show your investigation by showing evidence and present your witnesses. This section is the heart beating moment for all audience because investigator is going to disclose the name of crime person. Am I correct??? So your analysis part needs to create such exciting moment on readers that they can understand the main point of your argument with valid evidence.

At last, the time of concluding your investigation is here. Yes, here you can conclude your point of view, recommend some possible ways for further improvement. It is needed because your paper also needs the tag ‘Happy Ending’.

Please wait some moment!! Before shifting to another page, don’t forget to proof read your dissertation before its submission. It is too much important task to make your dissertation authenticate and reliable. Also, make your paper plagiarism free otherwise your all hard work will be in waste.

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We all are quite familiar with the word ‘thesis statement’ in our class lectures. Our lecturer always asks for clear thesis statement as because it contains the central idea of our topic. In case of essay or report, thesis statement states about the central idea of the topic. Apart from the definition, have you ever asked yourself why are we looking for a relevant thesis statement in our introductory paragraph??!!  Answer may be ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ but as per my opinion, thesis statement is the key parameter to understand and judge the relevance of the subject.


Whenever you are going to write your thesis statement, a rational notion always projected through your writing. Just go back to your paper and look carefully!! your last paragraph of essay or report is bit argumentative. Is not it??? It means you need to inform your readers about the significance of your subject. The main debate of your subject projects in your thesis statement. That’s why our lecturer or professor always ask us to write down it at the end of the introductory paragraph that readers can get understand about its central idea and critical point of analysis.

Don’t get confused between thesis statement and research question? Let me explain you these both clearly. Look, thesis statement is your opinion; your analysis, explanation while a research question is always open-ended. It seeks for investigation, market research. Whenever you are going to form your thesis statement, you have investigated its past; your analysis was made on your existing literature. On the other side, research question is formed based on the issue for which you need to investigate or conduct your research.

For example, ‘Decreasing Index of Consumer Sentiment (ICS) after Global Crisis period’ is the current market issue. If you have asked to prepare thesis statement on this topic, your analysis will be argumentative. Your argument will support by various scholarly articles, your investigations, debates and always your personal outlook. On the other hand, your research question will form to understand the reason between decreasing ICS and global crisis period. Research question will always develop to answer the question ‘WHY’. In simple, research question is previous method to investigate the issue while thesis statement is the result to support your argument.

Below we are providing some guidelines that you should follow while writing your thesis statement-

  • Don’t write down your statement in beginning of introduction
  • Avoid long sentences and conjunctions
  • Be specific and clear
  • Avoid academic fillers in your thesis statement i.e. ‘in my point of view’, ‘as per analysing the entire essay’…
  • Make your statement a bit argumentative
  • Project your personal opinion through your statement

Keep in mind, a well-written thesis statement is the replica of your critical reflection, analytical viewpoint, intelligence to the readers. So make your thesis statement insightful to create distinctive impression on your readers.

May 2018
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