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Well, your research proposal is selected, right? First of all, congratulation to you for this and secondly, welcome to a new genre of research field. Ya, I would describe it as new genre because you need to research vastly to critically tailor your dissertation or research paper.  So what’s your next plan? How will you proceed in your dissertation? Have you prepared your methodology chapter to show your plan? Don’t be surprised! Research methodology is the base of every dissertation to proceed on it further. Once you have planned it, rest of your paper will conclude easily.

It is like a tour plan. Whenever we plan for a short trip, first we plan a rough draft about our tours i.e. which sides we will visit, how many times we will spend, what will be the expense and all. Similarly, research methodology is nothing but mapping of your entire dissertation. As your proposal is selected, therefore, the primary planning is done by you. Next, you need to amplify your planning through your dissertation. Problems will be raised as actual research method will differ from your propose plan. Therefore, some basic guidelines we are providing here that you must need to include in preparing your research methodology chapter. Please follow our below points.

Setting your research strategy: The first step that you have to follow in your research methodology section is its strategical analysis. It means your set of beliefs that you must use for your study. Basically, this analysis starts with discussing research paradigms. Various kinds of paradigms are used in basic research like ontology, epistemology, positivism, interpretivism. All these are some set of beliefs and while conducting your paper, all depends upon you that how you use those beliefs and which one you should take to complete your paper. Keep in mind, your rest of the methodology part will be depended on your chosen strategy.

For suppose, if you choose positivism research paradigm, then survey, quantitative data analysis will be your instrumental analysis because positivism paradigm seeks for empirical evidence. It means you should focus on past history of your chosen subject and need to analysis its current issue accordingly. For this purpose, survey and quantitative analysis are the only options along with secondary data.

It is a case study that you need to solve as per the given issue. If I am not so wrong, then all of you have used some case study or case scenario while preparing your assignments. Just recall it. Before proceeding into that case scenario, you all have conducted a thorough research on it. After collecting all relevant data then you have started writing your papers. Right? Similarly, you must be careful while choosing your research paradigm because your entire research design is based upon that. You can’t use mix method research in positivism paradigm or only quantitative method in interpretivism paradigm. All these paradigms have some certain rules that you need to follow while conducting our research. If your proposal not approved then I will advise you to choose your paradigm after understanding your topic. It will be better if you approve your chosen strategy by your supervisor otherwise your entire research method will be in vain.

Instrumentation analysis: The second step you need to consider is selecting proper instruments for your research. Likert scale, interview protocols are some basic and created instruments by researcher or students. So if you are selecting positivism research paradigm then Likert scale will be suitable instrument for you because of measuring unit of respondents properly. If you have short time period to complete your research paper, then through Likert scale, you can make both quantitative and small amount of qualitative analysis of your research paper.

Similarly, interview protocol will be used for interpretivism paradigms in where students/researchers are allowed for research by studying human behaviour. It means you need to follow some basic rules of social science in interpretivism paradigm.

Data analysis: This is the vital part of your methodology. Most of the students here make a mistake. They just present the feedback of respondents here. But it is not asking you to present respondents response of your samples that you have gathered from interview or Likert scale instruments. This section needs your own view after presenting respondent’s feedback.

Though the 98% part of data analysis is segregated for data analysis and findings chapter of your dissertation, but in methodology, you also have to give a summary of your findings to make your supervisor understand about your view. It is nothing but a small pilot study to present your preliminary opinion to your supervisor. In proposal, you already have presented it but in dissertation, your justification for those opinions must and must require.

Ethical considerations: This end point is too much important to prove the authenticity of your research. It is not about making your paper plagiarism free or inserts references, but consent of your respondents whom you have used or plan to use as sample for your research. Make sure, after finishing your paper, a blank consent form must be in your appendix. Also, submit 2-3 demo consent forms with your paper that show open participation of all your samples in your dissertation. If you are not allowed to submit those forms then at least carry it with you in your inspection room to prove the authenticity of your research paper.

Maintain these basic points in your research methodology chapter. Rest you can develop through internet searching or by the guidance of your supervisor. Wishing you all the best and hope your paper will present a new and positive view to all of us readers.

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All you have hopefully received your research paper to complete for your next semester. So have you made any resolution for this year to making a draft of your research project? It is about to end. No more time is left to think about your daft. So have you thought anything about your research project? I mean what will be your research area, your probable hypothesis and all!!! If not then it’s time to think about this. It’s time to be prepared for your research paper. So let’s help you for your paper.

Before proceeding with your research paper, first, prepare your project draft that is proposal. Notice please, the word ‘proposal’ indicates about proposing something. It means you are going to propose your research plan to your readers or audiences before start working in it. For any dissertation or research paper, proposal is the primary step that clears the passageway for next door. So your proposal must be attractive and strong to draw your reader’s attention towards your research issue.

It is the outline of a chapter through which readers can understand what the chapter is dealing with and what will be its probable outcome. Some of you people often prepare a draft structure for your assigned assignment to get an approval from your professor. So is there any difference between assignment draft and proposal?? This question can be raised but let me tell you assignment is cover with your class notes while in proposal you mostly need your own interpretation and analysis. This is the prime difference between proposal writing and assignment draft. You can only just put your relevant theory or module in your assignment draft to show your analysis technique but in research proposal, forming research issue and research question is must and too much important. Without having a research question, a proposal cannot be granted for its further processing. In most of the cases, we students are being incapable to form research questions.  It is because we cannot identify with the research issue. Below assistances, therefore, we are providing students to overcome issues in proposal making.

  • Go with your title It will be academic, informative and catchy. Your title should carry your research propose and outcome. Let’s your readers think about it. It will be like ‘Impact of innovation of consumer buying behaviour’. Not like ‘Innovation has its great impact on consumer buying behaviour’. Readers will go through your research paper after reading the first title because it will create interest on them not like second one that concludes your statement in the beginning of your paper.
  • Make it as short but not in two or three words. 7-8 words in forming a title are enough. Maximum words can turn off reader’s attention from your paper.
  • Deal with your research issue. It must be reflected in your introduction. Make your readers aware of the issue or the problem you are dealt with in your paper.
  • Don’t make your introduction too much metaphorical. Keep in mind, readers want to know about your research purpose and they get interested from your title. So don’t make them weary through your wording ornaments. Inform them first about your research issue and purpose of study.
  • Form your research question. This is important part of your proposal. Your research questions will reflect all the key issues that you have developed on your title page and introduction. Your research variables must be reflected in your research question.
  • Form an appropriate hypothesis for your research. It will reflect your desire outcome in your final dissertation. Make sure, your hypothesis must be realistic.
  • Discuss your secondary data sources. From where you have found this issue and more theoretical evidence of scholars and authors. Make your literature review critical to point out your point of view in your proposal.
  • Tell about your research methods. It will contain your research designing method, data collection procedures, sample size, data analysis technique and research time plan.

Always remember, proposal writing is not about single day job but it is most serious work to prove your academic capability to your readers. So research thoroughly, before drawing any final conclusion. It will make your paper more authentic and reliable to believe on.

April 2018
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