Delving Deep into Research Philosophy

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research philosophy

Delving Deep into Research Philosophy

Research Philosophy can be daunting to understand even for the brightest of minds. But, nonetheless, it forms an integral part of your research and must be well outlined in the study that you want to exhibit to the world. Students seeking help from Dissertation Editing Services often reach out to improve upon their idea of what Research Philosophy is all about. Once you approach the professional, they break it down for you into tiny morsels for your ease of understanding.

What is Research Philosophy?

In the broad sense of the meaning, Research Philosophy actually deals with the source, nature and development of knowledge. Hence, addressing Research Philosophy in your research involves and includes a keen awareness and formulation of your own beliefs and assumptions. These, in turn, form the basis of your research strategy.

Dissertation Editing Services worldwide assist researchers by addressing the main elements that are to be included in the study as a part of the Research Philosophy. Things that are needed to be mentioned include:

  • Specification of the Research Philosophy that you are going to be using for your study.
  • Provision of logical reasons behind the philosophical classification of your research.
  • Discussion pertaining to the implication of the chosen research philosophy on your research strategy.

Research Philosophy Selection

If you happen to avail professional help via Dissertation Editing Services, they’ll help you become aware of how important it is that you have a clear idea of factors taken into account while choosing your Research Philosophy. Trust me, it’s not a piece of cake guys! You have to bear in mind that your choice of research philosophy has to be impacted by practical and logical implications. Studies differ in integral philosophies and thus the Research Philosophy is to be utilized in lieu of the kind of study you are dealing with.

Types of Research Philosophies

There are four main types of Research Philosophies that are used widely by researchers and professional Dissertation Editing Services make sure you select the one best suited to your needs. These include:

  1. Pragmatism: This philosophy believes that there are numerous ways of undertaking research and innumerable ways to interpret data. A single point of view can never paint the entire picture and there must several multiple realities and multiple working hypotheses. The research question is the most vital determinant of research philosophy in this case.
  2. Positivism: The doctrine of positivism revolves around the idea that science constitutes the only way to uncover the truth. Positivism broadly promotes the notion that only factual knowledge/data gathered through observation/measurement can be held credible. In this case, the researcher is essentially independent of his study and is limited to data collection as well as interpretation through an objective approach only. Findings are usually observable and quantifiable in this philosophy.
  3. Realism: Realism as a research philosophy propagates the notion of independence of reality from the human mind. Realism is based on the assumption of scientific approaches to develop knowledge. There are two branches of Realism, namely Direct and Critical Realism. While direct realism depends on the portrayal of the world directly through personal human senses, Indirect Realism argues that even though human beings experience and perceive the real world through their senses, it’s not always the true portrayal of the real world.
  4. Interpretivism: Interpretivism engages researchers and includes human interest into the study as it requires researchers to interpret various elements of their research. This philosophy embraces the idea that access to reality is incomplete without wading through various social constructions such as language, shared meanings, consciousness and instrument. Interpretivism is more focused on finding out meanings and may rely on multiple methods to reflect different aspects and facets of the same issue.

That’s all for now folks. Hope this answers all your preliminary questions regarding Research Philosophy. For deeper insights contact the nearest Dissertation Editing Services and make way for a sound academic career.

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personal development plan

How Personal Development Plan Help in Career Planning?

All of you have written your personal development plan in your dissertation paper, right? Can I ask one question? Why you write your personal development plan in your dissertation paper? Can anybody answer me?

Well, it is obvious to show our research planning, research experience to our readers so they can get understand about the possible issues related to making dissertation or survey in the market. We also write down our issues faced while working in dissertation or surveying in the market to show our problems in front of our readers and make them experienced about.

Ok… then tell me now, do you believe personal development plan can help in your career planning? Don’t be surprised. It is not out of the blue but if you get real-life experienced through personal development plan, then why it cannot be used in your career development?

Obviously, it used and work too. You just have to stick to some basic rules that will lead you towards your successful career. Below are the rules that you must have to stick on.

Aware of weakness:

The first benefit you get from personal development plan is to make yourself aware of you weakens. Yes, it is the biggest positive point that leads your life towards making a successful career. As you get aware of your weakness, hopefully, you will try to overcome it in between your student life that t may not be a hindrance towards your career.

Realize strength:

Like binary opposition, you also get aware of your strength. Sometimes it happens that we find ourselves wrong in the prediction that what is our strength and what is our weakness. Through personal development plan, this prediction we found correct because we already have an experienced on it.

Revision of career:

These both strength and weakness help you to revise your career again and stick to your goal. If I am not wrong, most of us realize later that we are unable to choose our right career track. We think we can do marketing jobs easily while we realized it too hard in reality while a career in finance or HR can be better for us. As we already have done a pilot study of these genres in the market through personal development plan, therefore, choosing a proper career for us became easy.

Decision making:

I think this is a good thing that you earn through personal development plan. Right? Yes, I am because lack of decision making sometimes lead us towards the back while if we are getting confidence in it, our career planning will be easier.

So, now you can understand why Personal Development Plan is not only for academic purpose. Make it useful for your career development. Yes, we study for this only and let implement our knowledge to build us better career for ourselves. Let’s start! Start from now onwards…

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dissertation topic


Is it seriously needed? Guidelines for topic selection? It’s quite funny yeah. So let me say how do you select your research topic? Oops! I forgot. Your professor has selected topic for you in your Graduation. Right? Ok, no issue, then just tell me how do you select your topic for assignments? What are the basic criteria?

Simple, find an issue with our related field, gathering information about that issue and framing topic. Only three steps are enough. It would be better if we analyse that issue based on some case studies. Well said but for a dissertation, only these three steps are not alright. Don’t forget you are appointed as a role of researcher and your duty is to point out the actual situation with proper justification in front of your readers. Your approach will be realistic and all data must be dynamic. So, you have to work too hard in case of choosing your dissertation topic.

Look, ‘dissertation– the term itself is very serious that we cannot take it as in casual tone. So, selecting a dissertation topic is not an easy task for students especially those who are possessed their Master Degree. It is difficult because here your professor is not supposed to frame your thesis topic on behalf of you. That part was done in your graduation year but in advance studies like Master’s level or PhD level, you have to frame your topic by own. Another thing is, based on that research topic; your entire academic evaluation will be rated. So, choosing any simple and easy topic will not help you in getting good grades in final examination. So, you have to be very careful and realistic at the same time while going to select your dissertation topic. Below some points are given to help you in selecting your research topic.

Choose favourable field:

Always select your favourable field to select your research topic. Look, a research paper requires your own point of view, analysis, justification. So, if your topic will be out of your knowledge, then it will be difficult for you to draw a proper conclusion. So, your topic must be from your favourable field.

Select your interesting genre:

Your interested genre must be reflected in your research topic otherwise, you can’t be able to analyse your research paper and its appearance will be very fishy to your readers. Suppose marketing from MBA is your favourable field. From this, you are interested in branding genre. Then your selected research topic must be of this genre

Do market research:

Do a detail market research about your favourite genre. It requires otherwise you cannot find out the issue faced by market or companies. Suppose, you have found an issue in branding genre in the demographic segment while it was working well in other market segments. So, you can select your issue from demographic segment only based on which your research topic will be framed.

Find out the issue:

Now the time is for selecting your research issue to frame out your research aim, objectives, questions. Your issue must be realistic and informative. Any kind of vague information will be losing the authenticity of your dissertation.

Select your variables:

One independent and one dependent variable must be there on your research topic otherwise, you cannot able to draw a valid conclusion for your dissertation. Based on these two variables, your statistical analysis and regression will be calculated.

Frame your dissertation title:

Now, you can frame your dissertation title. Make sure, your title must include all above-mentioned points like variables, issue, interest. The title must be short but catchy. Don’t frame your title in 20 or 50 words. It will be maximum 8-10 words.

So, now you can understand the basic criteria for choosing a dissertation topic. Now you can present your research draft to your professor for approval. Hope you will do your best.

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reflective journal


Are you interested in story writing? Are you enthusiastic about posting new events on your social media sites? If you are interested more in such creative activities, then why are you not trying to prepare your own reflective journal? It is not a too tough task. Yes, a reflective journal is basically your own thoughts on a particular event or past incidence faced by you. You have to just present your views and thoughts to your readers regarding that event with thorough analysis and arguments.

I know you are bit confused between reflective journals and argumentative essay writing style because both needed personal opinion to establish the rational outlook. Let’s inform you reflective journal is 40% similar to an argumentative essay and 40% with reflection report. Rests 20% is your own opinion that how will you frame your paper, how the data will include in the paper and all. Not understand yet? Ok, let me explain you in detail. Start from its first similarity. It is 40% similar to argumentative essay; right? First, think what are the basic key points in an argumentative essay?

  • Key thesis statement
  • Theoretical arguments of scholarly authors
  • Your own justification

Second, 40% similarity is regarding your reflective report. What do you want to project your reflective report?

  • Your issue with dealing the subject
  • Guidance to overcome those issues
  • Key Learning’s

Look, here I have segregated main points from your each 40% similarity. How we have to find out the common concept that has in both these two projects. What are they? First, it is the issue. Second, it is your key learning. So, a reflective journal is nothing but your own reflection about your discovered issue that must be presented in a different format that rests 20%. First 80%, you know how to write and proceed. For rest 20%, just follow our below-mentioned points.

Useful background details:

Your journal must carry useful information about your present event. Always remind, you are going to tell your readers about your experienced event or anything in which you have found interest. So, detail information with proper rationale must be presented in the first few paragraphs in your journal to make your readers aware of why they are learning your paper and what knowledge they should gain after learning this. It is like the rational section of any dissertation. Without having that rationale your readers will never understand why are they study your dissertation paper. Similarly, if your background information is not sufficient and well justified, then your paper will lose its weight.

Justify your rationale:

Justify your answer with more realistic way. Here is the difference between reflective journals and argumentative essay. In case of an argumentative essay, your justification will support by various scholarly articles and their views. But here, in the reflective journal, you have to present your own real-life experience with supportive case studies to prove your justification towards readers.

Ananlyse your actions:

Now it is your part. You have to justify your taken action in that situation that you have mentioned in your journal. Make sure, your actions must be ethical otherwise; it will create a negative impact on readers. You also can support your taken actions by giving relevant case studies.

Share your thoughts:

Share your thoughts like why are you taken those actions, why you observe that event like that way and something that. Mind it, your given thoughts will generate a new viewpoint towards your readers and that’s why your thoughts must be ethical and realistic. No fantasy will be accepted here.

So, if you have experienced some interesting event, then don’t waste your talent on posting those writings on social media sites. Make your own reflective journal and share your creative thoughts with others. Always remind, knowledge sharing can enhance your learning capacity. Then don’t waste your time. Start from here. We will wish you a very ‘Good Luck’!!!

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business report


What do you want to be in future? Market analyst? Financial analyst? Business Development manager? Well, whatever your wish is, you must have to know technical things otherwise, you cannot sustain in these positions. No no wait wait, please! Technical things do not mean about learning technology but metaphoric technical things that will help you to sustain your desired position. Yes, I am talking about business presentation, writing business report. Before going to the presentation, you have to learn about business report first otherwise, it cannot be explainable to your board members and obviously to your college members and this ‘business report‘ has too many metaphoric technicalities to solve business issue mathematically. So, here we are giving some useful points of writing a business report for both for your college semester and your official purpose.

Brief your business issue:

Identifies your business issue in the first paragraph of the report. Note that in the practical field, you have no other options to rectify yourself. So, in college semester, it is your only opportunity to learn everything about preparing a business report. So whenever, you assign yourself for writing this report, think practical. Your management board does not have so much time to listen to every word of your report. So, it must be short, specific, informative but practical in sense. So, identify your issue in the first paragraph.

Provide supporting evidence:

The evidence is must and must necessary whenever you are going to work in a practical field. So, apply this sense in the first step that is from your college semester. Though that evidence will be not so much needed to your professors if you worked in collecting evidence from the first step, and then it will be helpful for you to present your views in a business presentation. Think it just a research paper. Before stick on a specific issue, you have to prepare the literature review of your dissertation. Similarly, this business report also needs some specific and business related evidence that will support your presented issue.

Present market condition:

Yes, market analysis is more important to prove the importance of your business report. One question should be rising that what the basic difference between evidence and market analysis is. Well, market analysis is the second part of your evidence collection. Before identifying the issue, you first have to collect all evidence. In addition, after analysing the present market situation with that evidence only that identified issue is accepted in the market. It is similar to any case study assignment. You have to relate your case study with present market conditions and before that, you have to collect necessary information f your case. Simply, a business report is real case scenario of your present company that you have to present towards your board of directors with supporting evidence and market analysis.

Justify your findings:

Now, the time is come to present your intelligence towards board members. Yes, this is the section to show your critical views, analytical mind and understanding nature of the market. Give your own viewpoints to justify that business issue. Use financial tools, graphical presentations that will visually help your board members of an instructor to understand the entire scenario and raise their hands for you.

Suggest recommendations:

One recommending section you must have to require in this business report. Identifying the problem is not good enough rather than suggesting some way-out resolve that issue. Make sure your recommendation must be realistic and fruitful otherwise it will get down your company position along with your grades in examination.


Proofread your paper thoroughly. This is very much technical writing any single mistake can create the biggest hindrance to your growth. So be careful in this case and make sure, your paper is plagiarism free.

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business plan


It is sound too interesting. Yaa? Obviously, because it has a feel-good condition. We verbally became an entrepreneur in our own imagination. So, students appeared in MBA who are interested or aimed to be acting as an entrepreneur in near future, must be focused on this topic. It is because, through learning business plan, you can get the necessary essence of how to be a successful entrepreneur. But wait, please! Though it sounds good its implementation, in reality, is too hard. It is too technical to use in every step in contemporary market and get your desired result from it.

For suppose, you want to be a café owner. Then, your primary targeted customers must be between ages 15-45. Here I have used ‘primary’ word because these age groups are fond of coffee and more or less every day they visit their nearest and favourite, friendly café. Therefore, your café location must be in any posh area or in any college or university campus. Right? But, if your café will open in any slum area or local areas then? No, it doesn’t work good and not give you the desired result. So, before starting up your business, planning of its technicalities are too much important otherwise single mistake is enough to shift your dream into ash. So, please go through with our following tips before planning your start-up business.

Select startup business:

First look into your passion. What you want to open and why? Ask yourself first are you ok with your planned business. Have you all those support that you need for your future business. Select your business after getting answer these entire question otherwise, it will demolish in its first move. Try to get answers from your insight and plan your business accordingly.

Do market analysis:

Next thing is proper market research. You must have to know your planned business could get any appreciation in the contemporary market or not. If yes, then plan for next step but if not, then start from the beginning. You have to select other business options. Other than that, you can do a little survey that why your previous entrepreneurs are failed to start up your planned business. Is there any loopholes in their strategy or the market itself not needs that. Analyse your previous entrepreneur’s strategy first and try to find out their strategic issue. If there any issue, then try for a demo project. If not, then you have to plan for something else.

It is like your research paper. When you try to find out any issue, you first have to complete your literature review to know previous author’s viewpoint. Market analysis is similar to the literature review. After getting understand previous entrepreneur’s viewpoint, only after you can proceed to next step.

Select targeted customers:

Check once, are there any targeted customers for your start-up business or not. Please be specific to your targeted customers. Start it from their age groups. Try to fix your target in specific age group. It will helpful for you to continue your startup business. It is too similar to a pilot study in a dissertation. Through pilot study, you can get understand the possible outcomes of your entire research paper. Similarly, through targeting any specific age group, you also can be understood the possible success of your business plan.

Check financial support:

Now its time for checking your financial support. Survey a lot that how much you need to start up your business and then check your fund. If you have not sufficient, then you have to manage it before implementing your business plan.

Project financial condition:

Yes, here is the section to apply your all-academic knowledge that you have learned through finishing your finance assignment or report. Budget analysis, profit and loss statement, break-even point development all are needed to be projected in this area that will indicate whether your project will be successful in near future or not. Whatever you may do, just remind it must and must be realistic.

Build your management team:

It is time for building your management team for your start-up business. Please remind your MBA module guide and assignments. Who do you need? Yes, accountant, human resource, market analyst and one IT person. One or two of these members must be experienced otherwise it will be difficult for you to continue your business. Project your financial analysis to them. Take their views. If all, are they agreed then you may start your business. However, just remind, always don’t rely on other’s statement. Here is the phase to apply your own knowledge and academics in real implementation.

Develop company description:

Now, the time is come to develop your company description. Design your website and prepare your company description. It’s the tome for preparing newsletters and sending mail burst. Rest is ‘waiting for your best’.

Be ready. Time is come to fulfil your all desires and dreams. it’s the time to project your capability towards the world. Plan properly; be confident and implement your business plan. Hope you will do your best. Good Luck!!!

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Library??? Again study??? You may please but sorry, I will not…

 These kinds of expression you get from your friends? You did not have any friend circle for making fun or planning for any parties or trips. Your friends taunt you as ‘library’, ‘bookish’ and like this and that???

Don’t be depressed. Library work is not only the task for studious students or scholars but for all people who want to learn something new. So if you are a good learner, then don’t hesitate. Just take membership of any of your nearest library and study there. You may start it from your college library because there you can get numerous databases to prepare your assignments, literature reviews, and reports. You may also be able to take membership for other libraries but it should be depended on your time management. But don’t take library as for hardcore study ‘concept’. It is not for that reason. It is made for learners who want to study their subject or need some concentration or maybe want to be alone for some time. It is one of the finest places to develop your maturity, learning capacity and emotions. So, apart from using the library for the purpose of a hardcore study, we do develop some points that prepare us a person so that’s why students should choose a library for their study.

Need Concentration:

Ohh! no free space for study? Are your surroundings sounds too loud? Then why are you wasting your time? A study in your college library with full of concentration and focus. Yes, only in your college library, you can focus on your study to think deeper and make your analysis bit critical. Don’t be shy! The library is not a place for only serious students but for those, who are very much focused towards their orientation. So, if you are oriented towards your career, then don’t waste your time. Go for a free study about 1-2 hours; collect all data and takes sort note for your detail study.

Collection of Online resources:

You may think why to go library for online study should while it can be possible from your home. Yes, you are also right, but in some college libraries, you may get access to some official and international journal resources. If you want access to those resources from your home internet, it may cost huge or sometimes need permission for authentication. However, from your college library, it will be too easy for you to collect relevant study materials for your research paper or assignment making.

Meet with study group:

Do you like group study? Why? Is it because to solve various questions with which you have faced difficulties? Hmm, you are right! Group study is best for all students to solve their various queries and academic issues. But if you don’t get familiar groups for study then don’t worry. Go to your college library. You will definitely find some groups and you will be much familiar with them also. No need to know how old or new they are, which stream they belong, how they performed in class but just meet them and discuss with them your difficulties and issue. You will definitely get some help and able to solve your issues.

Preparation referencing:

Library study can help you in collecting more authentic referencing for your dissertation. Not only that, but you may get access to an online survey through your library online resource. This kind of survey seems more genuine to both samples and readers as you have the tag mark of your college. Not only can you, your future researchers also take help from your survey result to prepare their research paper. Similarly, you also can take help of your previous scholars or researcher’s survey result to complete your own paper or to show comparative analysis.

Plenty of books:

Oh no! This book’s price is huge. Same expression, the same feeling you have whenever you want to buy your necessary study book from online stores or any bookstores. Don’t worry. Your library is there. Just get in and find out your necessary study book from registration files. You just need to pay a little i.e. your membership fees; nothing much.

So what next? You have your comfortable friends group now. Be with them. Now your so-called ‘smart’ friends can seek your help to prepare their assignments. Don’t be a rebel. Help them and make them understand your value and decision.

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custom editing

Can Student do ‘Custom Editing’ by own?

What is it? Is it just re-checking your paper once again to find out silly mistakes and improve that accordingly? Then why are you looking for a service? Wait! Don’t go for that word ‘Custom Editing’. It is nothing but kind of proofreading your paper, point out your mistakes and improve your paper according to academic guidelines. Editing is not always related to Press and Newspapers and it not just means only deleting extra and non-useful words. We have a conventional idea about editing that is to change entire concept written by the writer to reform it into editor’s conception. But it is wrong. Editing always follows some principles like ethical writing, removing unnecessary words, rechecking punctuation, grammars and ultimately establish institutional belief in that article. Here ‘Custom Editing’ means a conventional form of editing that is too easy for students and they can do it on their own if they follow some certain principles. Some guidelines we are giving below for custom editing that hope will be helpful for students. Please follow our guidelines;

Look at the structure:

It is like the skeleton of your paper. If your structure or draft is approved by your supervisor, then go for a good sleep at night. Because your 60% of the assignment is done. Rest is only filling up the structure with relevant points that is too much easy for you. It is like a rough sketch of drawing. If we approve our rough sketch then we give our final touch on it for presentation. Right? So, be careful about preparing your assignment or report structure. In case of a research paper, I will advise you to definitely approve your research draft by your instructor otherwise, it will be painful for you in upcoming days. If your structure is ok, then 80% of editing is done. So be careful while you are preparing your assignment structure. Remember, your base must be solid; rest is covering and painting on the skeleton.


Yes, it is the basic rule for custom editing. Your sentence may not be too long and obviously too short. Construct your sentence for academic writing between 15-20 words. Use of too long sentence can deconstruct reader’s mind, therefore, sometimes understanding key points of your analysis seem difficult.

Basic Grammar:

There is no option in getting relief from the grammar. Basic grammar of your paper must and must be correct. Sometimes, students with weak grammar sense have used mixed tenses in their writing. It is too pathetic to read and understand for readers. So, be careful about your grammatical issues. Now, many grammars checking software’s are available on the internet, but those might not be helpful until or unless you have a basic idea about construct sentences and used tenses. So, use short sentences that will more or less help you to reduce your grammatical mistakes and proofread properly.

Citation format:

A citation is too much important in academic writing. Writers use it for proving authentication of their paper. Various kinds of citations style and formats are there but in your assignment, you need to use proper format of your instructed citation. Otherwise, your paper will lose its authentication value. It happens for most of the students that they get fewer marks for improper citations and incorrect format through their grammar, punctuation and others basic parameters of writing an academic paper is correct. So, please take it seriously while you are assigned yourself to custom editing of your assignment.

Graphical presentation:

The graphical presentation is visual literacy. Sometimes, pictures tell us the entire story that seems difficult to understand through writing. Without having any picture, it looks too boring to read a fat book. Therefore, use some relevant, graphs, pictures or images in your assignment or academic paper to make it interesting and dynamic to your readers. Don’t use unnecessary images but relevant graphs, statistical data you can put to increase the authenticity of your paper.

Headings and Sub points:

Make sure, your paper has some relevant heading and subheadings. It is too tough and irritating for us to read long paragraphs. For readers, it seems very hard to understand the actual intention of the writer. So, if we use some relevant headings and subheadings in our academic paper especially for a dissertation, it will be interesting and more acceptable for readers. Custom editing services always recommend the use of relevant headings for a better presentation and appreciation from the readers.

Pictorial TOC:

TOC or table of content will be a short reflection of your entire assignment. It will be like a trailer for your assignment or dissertation. So if you want to make it nice, then use some relevant headings and subheadings and put it under the table of content to prepare a short glance trailer of your assignment. For dissertation or research paper, preparing a good table of content will help you in getting good marks, as your instructor is well-known about your all relevant points from your TOC. You can also check some useful videos on youtube to create TOC.

Theoretical application:

No, readers don’t want to know the theory but only its application. Most of the students have made mistake in this section. They all are written about the used theory and its problems. But it is easily available. Readers want to know about your views about that theory. So, your theoretical application is must in your paper otherwise, your all hard work will be in vain.


Along with all relevant information, correct grammar, images, and punctuation, you must have to apply your critical notion in your paper. For this, use the theoretical comparison to show your critical analysis. Raising arguments will help you in developing your in-depth analysis in the academic paper.


Once, you complete the entire process, just re-read your paper for just once again. Result??? Your silly mistakes, more improvements, developed analytical technique will be reflected through your re-reading that will make your assignment best creation of yours.

So, leave your all anxieties and start writing your assignment. Work as best as you can. Our custom editing guidelines will help you in getting good marks in your assignment.

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If I am not so wrong, all of you have heard this word in your classes specially those who have recently finished their dissertation or case study assignments. All of you have written reflective report to show the efficacy of your selected theories and its applications. So, my question is here for those who have used reflective report in their paper. Can anyone answer me that why you have used reflective report or what was its importance in your research paper or assignments? The answer may be for personal development or showing own efficiency in your research paper. Well, all are right but these answers are one sided. Answers are given from student point of view but if I asked you to describe this answer to those who have recently assigned their research project then? This one sided view will give them a blurred  opinion about reflective report and this is one of the reasons that most of the students cannot write their reflective report properly in their research papers or assignments.

So giving all answers of these confusions, I would like to say that reflective report is nothing but personal reflection upon your subject. I know that this definition is looking funny and too much simple but it is hard to apply in student paper. Why? Just simply answer me what have you written in your reflection of dissertation paper? Your used theories, your class experience, your difficulties, right? According to me- all are very generic. Your instructor does not want to know about your used theories and class experience because these things are all visible to him/her. Rest is your difficulties that you have solved with the help of your instructor. So why have you written these all again in your refection? These all have no use. Then what should we write? Your answer starts from below points. Just go through these points. All your confusions and above-mentioned questions will be answered. It is not for those who have completed their reflective reports but for those students also who have recently assigned this to prepare.

Practical experience: The title reflective report denotes that it wants your own experience in writing. Experience means all those knowledge that you have gathered from your overall research journey. While you re-searching for your assignments or research papers, new knowledge you have gained in every time. This is your practical knowledge because all these you have gained from your academic journey. Then reflect this experience in your report to introduce this new era with your readers. For suppose, your assigned research paper is on Shakespearean Plays.  So, how would you proceed with this paper? Obviously researching on Shakespearean plays, novels, reviews of plays and like these. Sometime you will be irritated for searching a lot about Shakespeare or be confused between your thought and review papers. Sometime you also will be glad by knowing more new information about Shakespeare. Express these all in your report to show your readers both your irritation and pleasure of learning that they can get an idea about overall research methods.

Your own thinking: Reflect your thought to your readers that they can get various viewpoints about a same topic. How? It’s too simple. Justify your collected data by your own viewpoints to your readers or in your reflective report. Simply thought, some people look to nature as gift of God and some just it as nature i.e. being of its existence. All is about reception-oriented viewpoint. Therefore, you are not the only one who has researched on Shakespeare but many scholars have done it before. So what is different between your papers with them? This is the field where you can show your own viewpoints or create your new vision on selected topic to your readers. Believe me; this new perception is always welcome for readers along with its positive and negative outlook.

Your own way of application: Wait! It is not just to show your used theories or modules. It is already has seen by readers in the primary sections of your research papers or assignments. Here readers want to know how you as individual have applied those renowned theories or modules in your paper. Therefore, critical analysis is needed otherwise it will be too much generic to reading and may be one of the reasons of your less mark in semesters.

Perception of your idea on readers: Yes, your writing style will be always from your reader’s point of view. It is because, while you have prepared your research paper, it is for projecting a new idea to your readdress. Therefore, your reflective report also must be written from reader’s point of view that what kind of benefit they can get or problem they can face through your theory of applications. It will make your readers known about the efficacy of your paper.

Problems faced by you: State your problems that you have faced regarding formulating your paper. Make sure, this point is not required your knowledge gap. It only wants to know your problem of application of those theories or modules that further help your future researchers.

Your knowledge gap: This point should be in your conclusion of the reflective report. Yes, being a student it is not possible for you to know everything about your selected topic and in limited time. Therefore, some knowledge gap will be there that you need to confess honestly to your readers. If not, then your paper will lose its authenticity. Always remind, scholarly papers also have some research gaps and for these critical reviews formulated. Scholars only project their viewpoints with thorough research in their paper but viewpoint can be differing according to different reception orientation. From this gap, further reviews or research paths will raise. As you are a student, therefore, acknowledge your knowledge issue clearly to your readers that will open future research scope for them.

Hope these above-mentioned points will solve all your answers of using reflective report in assignments or research papers. Believe me; you will love to write a reflective report as because it has no such academic rules or writing pattern to project your ideas. You just need to cover all those above-mentioned points clearly and that’s it. This funky style of expression yourself is highly appreciated among readers world.

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Well, your research proposal is selected, right? First of all, congratulation to you for this and secondly, welcome to a new genre of research field. Ya, I would describe it as new genre because you need to research vastly to critically tailor your dissertation or research paper.  So what’s your next plan? How will you proceed in your dissertation? Have you prepared your methodology chapter to show your plan? Don’t be surprised! Research methodology is the base of every dissertation to proceed on it further. Once you have planned it, rest of your paper will conclude easily.

It is like a tour plan. Whenever we plan for a short trip, first we plan a rough draft about our tours i.e. which sides we will visit, how many times we will spend, what will be the expense and all. Similarly, research methodology is nothing but mapping of your entire dissertation. As your proposal is selected, therefore, the primary planning is done by you. Next, you need to amplify your planning through your dissertation. Problems will be raised as actual research method will differ from your propose plan. Therefore, some basic guidelines we are providing here that you must need to include in preparing your research methodology chapter. Please follow our below points.

Setting your research strategy: The first step that you have to follow in your research methodology section is its strategical analysis. It means your set of beliefs that you must use for your study. Basically, this analysis starts with discussing research paradigms. Various kinds of paradigms are used in basic research like ontology, epistemology, positivism, interpretivism. All these are some set of beliefs and while conducting your paper, all depends upon you that how you use those beliefs and which one you should take to complete your paper. Keep in mind, your rest of the methodology part will be depended on your chosen strategy.

For suppose, if you choose positivism research paradigm, then survey, quantitative data analysis will be your instrumental analysis because positivism paradigm seeks for empirical evidence. It means you should focus on past history of your chosen subject and need to analysis its current issue accordingly. For this purpose, survey and quantitative analysis are the only options along with secondary data.

It is a case study that you need to solve as per the given issue. If I am not so wrong, then all of you have used some case study or case scenario while preparing your assignments. Just recall it. Before proceeding into that case scenario, you all have conducted a thorough research on it. After collecting all relevant data then you have started writing your papers. Right? Similarly, you must be careful while choosing your research paradigm because your entire research design is based upon that. You can’t use mix method research in positivism paradigm or only quantitative method in interpretivism paradigm. All these paradigms have some certain rules that you need to follow while conducting our research. If your proposal not approved then I will advise you to choose your paradigm after understanding your topic. It will be better if you approve your chosen strategy by your supervisor otherwise your entire research method will be in vain.

Instrumentation analysis: The second step you need to consider is selecting proper instruments for your research. Likert scale, interview protocols are some basic and created instruments by researcher or students. So if you are selecting positivism research paradigm then Likert scale will be suitable instrument for you because of measuring unit of respondents properly. If you have short time period to complete your research paper, then through Likert scale, you can make both quantitative and small amount of qualitative analysis of your research paper.

Similarly, interview protocol will be used for interpretivism paradigms in where students/researchers are allowed for research by studying human behaviour. It means you need to follow some basic rules of social science in interpretivism paradigm.

Data analysis: This is the vital part of your methodology. Most of the students here make a mistake. They just present the feedback of respondents here. But it is not asking you to present respondents response of your samples that you have gathered from interview or Likert scale instruments. This section needs your own view after presenting respondent’s feedback.

Though the 98% part of data analysis is segregated for data analysis and findings chapter of your dissertation, but in methodology, you also have to give a summary of your findings to make your supervisor understand about your view. It is nothing but a small pilot study to present your preliminary opinion to your supervisor. In proposal, you already have presented it but in dissertation, your justification for those opinions must and must require.

Ethical considerations: This end point is too much important to prove the authenticity of your research. It is not about making your paper plagiarism free or inserts references, but consent of your respondents whom you have used or plan to use as sample for your research. Make sure, after finishing your paper, a blank consent form must be in your appendix. Also, submit 2-3 demo consent forms with your paper that show open participation of all your samples in your dissertation. If you are not allowed to submit those forms then at least carry it with you in your inspection room to prove the authenticity of your research paper.

Maintain these basic points in your research methodology chapter. Rest you can develop through internet searching or by the guidance of your supervisor. Wishing you all the best and hope your paper will present a new and positive view to all of us readers.

April 2018
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